How to breed angelfish

One of the most popular fish is the Angelfish. The Angelfish is a colorful tropical fish that has a blue head, yellow eyes, and a bright red stripe down its body.

They are also known as Angelfish because of their angel-like appearance. The Angelfish can be found in many aquariums and are very easy to care for. So in this article, we will discuss how to breed angelfish, how often angelfish breed, and the information about angelfish breeding season.

Angelfish are a species of freshwater fish native to the Amazon Basin and other tropical and subtropical rivers, lakes, and streams of South America. They are popular aquarium fish due to their vibrant colors and graceful swimming habits. They can range in size from 2 inches to 12 inches in length and come in a variety of colors and patterns.

Angelfish are omnivorous and need a varied diet which should include flakes, pellets, frozen foods, and live foods. They are sensitive to water quality and require regular water changes and maintenance. After reading this article, you’ll gain knowledge and can experience the fun of raising and breeding angelfish in a community tank.

(If want to know How to tell If an Angelfish is pregnant or tot then read this detailed research article written by our expert.)

How to Breed Angelfish E-book

Setting Up The Tank

Selecting a breeding tank

You should always select the tank that is best for breeding angelfish and their health. Provide them with at least 20 gallons and preferably 30 gallons large. Don’t place the angelfish in the short tank.

Creating the ideal temperature for breeding

Your aquarium’s water temperature should probably be between 22°C and 27°C. Keep this in mind: warmer water is preferable as it is good for their immune system, but colder water increases their survival rates.

Choosing compatible angelfish pairs

Mainly, they should have similar needs in order to avoid aggression (according to WebMD Pet: Why fish is Aggressive). If there is no favorable habitat for one and the other angelfish is happy with the same habitat, it won’t work.

Aggression Levels

The angelfish you choose should be peaceful to be compatible with whomever you are choosing. You should maintain the equilibrium of their requirements. However, their behavior and mental and physical health depend on how they are treated and what they are provided with.

They can be bullies; don’t let their beautiful fins cheat you. For instance, the best angelfish tank mates are Boesemani Rainbow Fish, Corydoras Catfish, Dwarf Gourami, Mollies, etc.

Egg laying and hatching 

Recognizing signs of spawning

Angelfish will suddenly show bulging abdomens and more aggression. When two angelfish groom each other, it is a symbolic breeding behavior[1].

Providing a spawning surface for the eggs

Female angelfish don’t easily go into labor and lay eggs anywhere. They are always aware of the hygiene of the surface on which they spawn. Firstly, isolate the breeding pairs in a separate spawning tank. Provide the proper amount of water at least 20 gallons and a tall enough.

In the spawning tank, provide a surface for the angelfish to lay their eggs. Breeders choose the items often a spawning mop, spawning cone, or piece of slate are items. A spawning mop is a human-made device that helps stimulate the activities of plants. It’s 20 to 24 cm in length. A spawning cone is placed in the aquarium so that the breeding pairs can get access to it.

Caring for the eggs and fry

It is good when angelfish parents take care of eggs. In order to increase the offspring’s survivability, you have to remove the eggs. In this situation, you have to provide the care that the mother and father could have given. 

What do you do with angelfish eggs?

Provide a separate tank for hatching the eggs. Make sure that the water parameters you maintain are favorable for the eggs to get hatched. The temperature should range between 24°C and 29°C, and the pH should be between 6 and 8. Maintain hygiene. Artificial hatching includes the process where you direct a flow of oxygenated water over the eggs; the flow should not be hard. To prevent the growth of fungus, you have to add a minute amount of methylene blue to the water. 

Why are my angelfish eggs turning white?

It includes a few reasons listed below:

  • Unfertilized eggs turn white.
  • Occurrence of fungus
  • Damaged eggs turn white.

To prevent the spread of fungal infection, white and transparent eggs should be eliminated from healthy eggs.

Breeding and feeding tips for angelfish

  • Breeding season for angelfish typically occurs during the spring and summer months, when the water
    temperature is between 75 and 80 degrees Fahrenheit.
  • Male angelfish are usually the first to enter the breeding cycle, as they are more territorial and aggressive than females.
  • Breeding angelfish is best accomplished when the water parameters are kept within a specific range. The pH should be between 6.5 and 7.5, the hardness should be between 5 and 10 dH, and the temperature should be 75 to 80 degrees Fahrenheit.
  • A breeding tank should be at least 20 gallons in size and should include a filter, heater, and plants to provide cover for the angelfish.
  • Typically spawn in the morning hours, with the female releasing her eggs, which are then fertilized by the male.
  • The eggs are attached to the plants and should hatch within two days.
  • After hatching, the fry can be fed newly hatched brine shrimp or other small live foods.
  • Fry should be kept in a separate tank for the first few weeks of their lives, as the parents can be aggressive towards them.
  • Once the fry reaches a size of about 2 inches, it can be moved back into the main tank.

Caring for angelfish fry

When the fry becomes free to swim. They start to search for food. Remove them from the community tank to increase their survivability. If egg hatching has taken place artificially, place the eggs in the tank where you can nurture them. The tank size should be at least 10 gallons.

Monitoring Water Quality and Oxygen levels

Do a regular check on the water parameters you provided. As fluctuating the balance will affect the health of angelfish fry.

Raising the fry

The fry has large eyes and is elongated in shape. After 14 days, they are free to swim, and the fry finally gets an “angelfish look” with fins.

Feeding and nurturing the fry

As soon as they become free-swimming, you should start feeding them. Feed your baby birds four to five times a day with small amounts of food. Feed them with insured, as it’s very small and easy to eat for angelfish fry. After 2 to 3 days, feed them with baby brine shrimp. Gradually, increase the size of the food that you provide them to eat and start with crushed flake food. By the fourth week, they can eat the food of adult angelfish.

Maintaining proper tank conditions for growth.

The tank water parameters include a temperature range of 25°C to 30°C and a pH range of 6.0 to 8.0. Try to maintain these parameters and habitat for the proper and healthy growth of angelfish fry.

Separating fry from their parents when necessary

If you find signs that parents are eating the fry, you should separate them soon. Even after keeping your angelfish fry in a community tank, there is a risk that bigger fish may find them as a food source. You can prevent it by having heavily planted surfaces where the fry would have a place to hide. Another way is to remove all other fish from the tank and keep them with peaceful fish that will not cause harm to the fry.

Feeding Guide

  • Provide a high-quality, balanced diet.
  • Mix up your angelfish’s diet with a combination of flakes, pellets, freeze-dried, frozen, and live foods.
  • Feed small portions multiple times a day.
  • Avoid overfeeding. Too much food can lead to health issues and water quality problems.
  • Feed sinking foods.
  • Feed a variety of proteins.

How to breed angelfish at home

Materials needed:

  • A breeding tank (20-30 gallons)
  • Heater and thermometer
  • Sponge filter
  • Decorations (plants, driftwood, etc.)
  • Angelfish pair
  • Live food (brine shrimp or daphnia)

Setting up the Breeding Tank

The first step towards successful angelfish breeding involves setting up an ideal breeding tank. Angelfish need a spacious tank to breed healthily, so you’ll need to choose the right size tank for them depending on the number of fish you will be breeding. The tank also needs to be configured appropriately, with enough plants and substrate for the fish to lay their eggs.

The water should be kept at specific parameters for the best outcome. An ideal temperature range for breeding angelfish is between 78-82 Fahrenheit. The pH should be around 6.0-7.0 with a hardness of between 3-8 dKH.

Your tank must have a proper filtration and aeration system. Filtration helps keep the water clean while aeration ensures there are adequate oxygen levels in the water. Angelfish prefer a warm and slightly slow-moving water environment, so you’ll need to choose a filtration system that doesn’t create a fast flow.

Selecting Breeding Pairs

Not all angelfish are suited for breeding. You must first learn to distinguish between males and females and choose a male and female angelfish to breed. They will start displaying courting behaviors, and you’ll know that it’s time to commence the breeding process.

The ideal age for angelfish breeding is between 9-12 months. You should select a male and female that are both around the same age, have a similar body shape, and have compatible overall appearance.

Conditioning the Breeding Pair

Before breeding, you must ensure that the fish are in excellent condition to increase the chances of a successful outcome. The breeding pair should receive a good diet consisting of live or frozen foods like bloodworms, brine shrimp, or daphnia. This will prepare them for breeding and increase their success rate.

You should also adjust the lighting and photoperiod to simulate the natural habitat in which they would breed while in the wild. Quality water management is also vital, so regular water changes must be done, and the water should be kept at the ideal temperature and pH levels.

The Breeding Process

Once the breeding pair is in excellent condition, it’s time to commence breeding. Angelfish are known for their unique spawning behavior, where they lay eggs on flat surfaces like rocks or broad leaves. After mating, the female will lay the eggs, which will then be fertilized by the male.

Parents usually protect the eggs and look after them until they hatch, which normally takes around 60 hours. After hatching, your fry should be treated with utmost care since they are very delicate at this stage of their lives.

Raising the Fry

Raising small angelfish fry can be challenging, but it’s also very fulfilling. The fry should be fed with high-quality food appropriate for their size to ensure they grow healthy and strong. Micro-worms, baby brine shrimp, or infusoria are some of the ideal foods for small fry.

Maintain appropriate water quality and temperature in their tank, and ensure there are no predators that might try preying on your fry. Do note that when young, angelfish can become cannibals, so it’s important to make sure the smaller fish are separated from the larger ones.

Aquarium care of Angelfish

Angelfish are popular freshwater fish that are easy to care for and can add a touch of beauty to any aquarium. Angelfish are known for their long, flowing fins and attractive coloration, making them a favorite of aquarists. While they are relatively low-maintenance fish, there are still some basic guidelines for aquarium care of Angelfish that should be followed in order to keep them healthy and happy.

The first and most important part of Angelfish care is to provide them with a suitable tank environment. Angelfish prefer a tank with space to swim, so a larger tank is best.

They also need hiding places, such as plants, rocks, and driftwood, as well as enough open swimming areas. The tank should also have good water quality, with a pH between 6.8-7.2 and a temperature between 75-82°F.

Finally, it is important to provide regular water changes. This will help to keep the water clean and free of toxins, as well as maintain good water quality. It is recommended to do a 20-25% water change every two weeks.

By following these basic guidelines for aquarium care of these fishes, you can ensure that your fish stay healthy and happy. With the right care, these fish can be a great addition to any aquarium.

Lifespan of Angelfish

The lifespan of Angelfish is typically between 5-10 years. However, with proper care and nutrition, some Angelfish can live up to 12 years or longer. These fishes are best kept in aquariums with plenty of swimming space.

Because they can grow up to 10 inches (25 cm) in length, they need a tank that is at least 30 gallons (113 liters) in size. They also prefer aquariums with plenty of live plants and hiding places, as well as a sandy substrate.

In terms of diet, Angelfish prefer high-quality food such as live or frozen bloodworms, brine shrimp, and other small invertebrates. They should also be offered a variety of fresh vegetables, such as zucchini, spinach, and lettuce. Finally, fish need more clean, filtered water in order to stay healthy and live a long life.

Regular water changes are essential, as well as regular maintenance of the aquarium. In summary, Angelfish can live for up to 10 years or longer with proper care and nutrition.

With the right tank setup and diet, your Angelfish can be a beloved member of your family for many years to come.

FAQ about Breeding Angelfish in a Community Tank

How old do angelfish have to be to breed?

Angelfish typically reach breeding maturity at around 6 to 8 months of age.

How much is a breeding pair of angelfish worth?

The cost of a breeding pair of angelfish can vary significantly depending on the breed, size, and color of the fish. Generally speaking, a breeding pair of angelfish can cost anywhere from $30 to $100 or more.

What size tank for breeding angelfish?

Angelfish should be bred in a tank that is at least 20 gallons in size, preferably larger. The tank should also be equipped with a filter and plants for hiding and spawning

Do Angelfish eat their own eggs?

Yes, angelfish can eat their own eggs. This can happen for several reasons, such as stress, inexperience, or a lack of parental instincts. Sometimes, the angelfish may accidentally ingest the eggs while trying to protect them.

Can angelfish breed in a community tank?

Yes, angelfish can breed in a community tank, but it’s important to note the potential aggression during breeding and the challenges in raising fry in the same tank. It’s recommended to set up a separate breeding tank for the successful breeding of angelfish.

How long does it take for angelfish to breed?

The breeding process of angelfish can take a few hours to several days, including courtship, spawning, incubation, and hatching of fry. It depends on the specific conditions and behavior of the fish. Successful breeding of angelfish requires specific environmental conditions.

Check out this video for more clarification about the breeding of angelfish


So in this article, we discussed how to breed angelfish easily. These are popular fish species that can be found in both home and public aquariums. They come in a variety of sizes and colors and are relatively easy to care for. They are a great choice for beginning aquarists and experienced aquarists alike. With proper care, they can live for up to five years in captivity. Angelfish can be kept individually or in a group, and they interact with their environment and other fish. They are great fish for any aquarium.

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